TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC CASE STUDY, HYDERABAD 1988
Based on the expected travel demand for the City-Region strategy, recommendations are made to improve the traffic and transportation facilities with the population growth rate. They are briefly summed up below:
1. Improvement of traffic flow :
(a) At 66 intersections physical improvement plans are suggested. These include re-alignment of approaches, widening of carriageway, re-alignment of drainage, traffic islands, paint markings, relocation of bus bays, sign boards etc.
(b) At 111 important junctions traffic signals are suggested. On 7 major Corridors signal co-ordination is proposed.
(c) At 18 major intersections grade separators are proposed.
(e) Traffic paint markings and signs are to he installed on all the major arterials totaling to a length of 50 kin.
(f) At 6 rail/road crossings where heavy delays occur grade separators are proposed.
(g) To facilitate the heavy pedestrian movement in city, footpaths of width 2m to 5m. on either side of the carriageway are to be improved along the major roads.
(h) To meet the demand of passenger flow between north-south i parts of the city 5 new bridges are suggested across river Musi.
(i) To cater for the needs of high bicycle flow a parallel bicycle network is suggested.
(j) To safeguard the pedestrians at intersections, measures like pedestrian subways at 4 locations, sky-walk at Secunderabad railway station and signal intersections are suggested.
2. Improvement to Intermediate Public Transportion (IPT) services:
To strengthen the IPT services, parking terminals for cycle-rickshaws at 19 locations and for auto-rickshaws at 18 locations are suggested. These include black topping of the parking area, shelter, phone etc.. with other amenities. The vehicle parking habits of people should also be taken into consideration.
3. Integration of urban region :
With a view to contain the growth of the city, it is suggested that the following cities are to be encouraged to grow by locating basic industries nearer to them.
(a) Warangal (b) Zahirabad (c) Nalgonda (d) Nizamabad (e) Mahboob Nagar (f) Karimnagar (g) Tandur
To discourage the densification of Central Business District (CBD) in the city, service centers are proposed in the following zones for development :
(a) Ramachandrapuram (b) Vanasthalipuram (c) Medchal (d) Rajendranagar (e) Ghatkesar
4. Road network:
To augment the existing network, new roads of about 385 km. length are proposed. The present roads in the Hyderabad region is of a length of about 365 km. which is to be upgraded to highway standards. To enable the development of Hyderabad region and integrated highway network connecting other growth centers, an additional road network of 3100 km. is suggested.
5. Transit service improvements :
To improve the bus transport facilities in the city 1000 buses should be added to the present fleet within 10 years in stages. On the present network about 200 bus bays are to he constructed and 4 new regional bus terminals are to be built for effective city regional integration.
In order to improve the operational efficiency of the city bus routes, route rationalization has been suggested. To achieve a balanced regional growth an efficient regional bus network is suggested. For this purpose 2000 be added to various district depots in the Hyderabad influence region.
This may need 10 depots to accommodate 50 to 100 hoses over a period of time throughout the region at a distance of about 40-50 km. and the rest being operated from other regions.
6. Track guided system :
To transport large number of people on dense corridors, two alternative strategics are suggested.
(a) If the railways agree to share their right-of-way for local traffic, inner circular railway with radials inclusive of Light Rail Transit (LRT) system is proposed.
(b) If the railways do not agree to operate the local trains, then independent Light Rail Transit (LRT) system is suggested. It is also suggested to run trains during peak hours in east-west direction on broad-gauge track from Warangal to Tandur for regional communication.
7. Goods traffic and transportation management :
To discourage goods traffic plying on the city streets the following truck terminals and parking lots are suggested.
(a) Major truck terminals (b) Mini truck terminals (c) Truck parking lots
It is suggested that large number of wholesale markets within the city be shifted to 5 different locations near to 5 service centers.
8. International airport location:
To accommodate expected domestic and international air travel, a new site for the international Tort has been suggested in Nadergal Zone.
9. Traffic and Transportation education :
Realising the importance of traffic and transportation education b00klet containing the explanation of standard road signs, markings, signals, police signs, driver signs etc., is prepared.
Hyderabad has a very poor hierarchy of roads. All are residential roads with through traffic and shopping.
Shops and other business establishments directly open to the major roads and highways. Narrow residential streets are often choked with heavy through traffic.
These problems cannot be measured with any mathematical technique. Another important factor is the excessive dependence on private transport. The available public transport is not able to meet the demands of the people. To solve Hyderabad traffic and transportation problems sustained efforts to educate people and policy makers is needed.